Envy is a perfectly serviceable starting point for developing national transportation policy. Our new high-speed rail program is an apt example. It’s a Euro-inspired, greenish gleam in a candidate’s eye made billion-dollar real by our new president and the stimulus package. While we wait for our first bullet-ride to Disney World or Albany let’s consider what the national transportation policies of other countries are accomplishing. We continue this series with another look to the north and Canada’s North American gateway strategy. This time…investment in short sea.
This item caught the eye.
Government of Canada takes action to facilitate shortsea shipping
OTTAWA — The Honourable Stockwell Day, Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway, today announced completion of the Southern Railway of British Columbia (SRY) rail barge ramp, a shortsea shipping project at the marine rail terminal on Annacis Island in Delta. This project was made possible by $4.6 million in federal funding under the Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative. (release: January 15, 2010)
Turns out the Canadian gateway strategy isn’t just attracting international containers to ease them on down to the U.S. by rail. The plans for the Pacific gateway include using the marine highway as an “optimizing” element for goods movement. “Better use of our waterways through shortsea shipping can help alleviate congestion, facilitate trade, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase overall transportation efficiency.”
After a call for proposals five projects were selected for the plan totaling over CN$20 million, to be matched by the private sector grantees:
- Fraser River Shuttle;
- Deltaport Shortsea Berth;
- Vanterm Shortsea Berth;
- Mountain View Apex Container Terminal; and
- Southern Railway of B.C. Rail Barge Ramp.
These projects in the Vancouver, B.C. region “call for the development of specialized facilities such as docks, ramps, and fixed-crane infrastructure that would facilitate shortsea shipping of a variety of cargos (including containers, railcars, and break-bulk cargos) that ultimately either originate from or are destined for Asia.” (release: September 5, 2008)
This marine highway element of the Asia-Pacific Gateway strategy is designed to increase efficiency and reduce environmental impacts of goods movement. It is intermodal. It ties marine to rail and road. “The Annacis Island marine rail terminal will provide industries in coastal B.C. and Vancouver Island with rail connections to four major railways: Canadian Pacific, Canadian National, Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe.” Obviously, an equal opportunity connector.
It may be a fair to say that the above grants planned to boost short sea shipping in Canada’s largest port region are roughly comparable to the marine highway grants program recently authorized by the U.S. Congress. The Canadian grants support pieces of a strategic plan; the U.S. grants will support projects that meet certain market and public benefit criteria and are in designated “corridors.” The Canadian grants support capital requirements, which the U.S. version is likely to do. On the other hand, the above grants go to projects of companies, such as terminal operators. While most marine highway projects in the U.S. are assumed to be private sector initiatives the grants likely would go to sponsoring public agencies.
One googling leads to another. I’ll close with a video from The Sustainable Region TV program of Vancouver, a place known for its clear skies (and a looming Olympics). Pbea